Joe Sitter, Texas Shootist

Jim and Scott Tschirhart, Joe Sutter's great grandson, at the site of the lawman's death in the line of duty of May 23, 1915.
Joseph Russell “Joe” Sitter (1864-1915) is one of those Southwestern lawmen who is not well known but who worked hard to keep the border safe during the Mexican Revolution and bandit troubles in the early part of the 20th Century. Sitter served for quite some time as a Texas Ranger under the intrepid Captain John R. Hughes. He finally quit the Rangers for the more lucrative and secure job of United States Mounted Customs Inspector. Regardless of his job title, his task was to continue to ride the Rio Grande and deal with revolutionaries, smugglers, and outlaws.

Sitter soon became convinced that a Mexican bravo named Chico Cano was responsible for a good deal of livestock theft, smuggling, and general devilment in the lower reaches of the Big Bend country. In 1912, Sitter, Customs Inspector Jack Howard, and Brand Inspector J.A. Harvick, set out for a little village along the Rio Grande with warrants charging Cano with horse and mule theft. They caught Cano at a funeral wake, handcuffed him, and started back through the mountains for Valentine, Texas.

However, the rode into an ambush set up by various of Chico’s amigos. In the hot little fight that followed, Sitter was creased in the head, Howard was wounded, and Harvick was mortally wounded.

I think it can be safely said that, at that point, Joe Sitter began a vendetta to bring Chico Cano to justice. But Chico wasn’t that easy to capture a second time. He was running with Pancho Villa and also being protected and informed by his many friends along the river. Bringing him to hand was not going to be an easy task.

On May 22, 1915, Sitter was in the area of Pilares and Porvenir with information that should have led to the capture of Cano. With him were Customs Inspector Charles Craighead, and Texas Rangers Hulen, Trollinger, and Cummings. On the night of the 22nd, they camped near the mouth of Pilares Canyon.

During the night these officers heard a group of horses pass nearby, obviously being herded by someone. With the coming dawn, they saw that the tracks led into the nearby canyon where a spring was located. Sitter separated his group so that they could cover both sides of the canyon as they rode to investigate. What they found was an ambush.

Sitter and Ranger Hulen were pinned down on one side of the canyon while the rest of the lawmen were driven back by the gunfire. The officers finally heard the firing stop and knew that Sitter and Hulen were either dead or had managed to escape. Afraid to try and go to them, the officers rode to a nearby ranch for help. On the next day, they led a large posse back to the site of the battle.

On the side of this lonely canyon, they found the bodies of Joe Sitter and Eugene Hulen, stripped, shot full of holes, and badly mutilated. Though no one had identified any of the ambushers, Chico Cano was blamed for the murders and was indicted but never prosecuted. Chico Cano is said to have died with his boots on in 1943.

This past May 23, 2015, marked the 100th anniversary of Sitter’s murder and the large Sitter family was planning a big family reunion. However, Sitter’s great, great nephew, Scott Tschirhart (a former Texas peace officer), wanted to spend the day at the site of the murder. Accordingly, he contacted me and asked for my help in locating the site and getting the necessary permission to visit it.

After some investigation, I was able to locate the ranch where the fight had occurred and obtain permission from a gracious landowner to visit the location. It took us some 12 hours to get to the scene, most of it over rugged roads and scant jeep trails. But get there we did.

The canyon and spring are located in some of the most remote desert country in the entire Southwest and not far from the Rio Grande, which is once again troubled and dangerous. We stood where few men have ever been…two Texas lawmen honoring the memory of two fallen Texas lawmen. Sort of the proper thing to do on a Memorial Weekend, to my way of thinking. And, besides, I made a new friend in the bargain.

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20 Responses to Joe Sitter, Texas Shootist

  1. William Bell says:

    Good article Brother Jim. Unfortunately the “Feds” don’t get a lot of mention regarding border work, back then or now and it’s usually not a good mention. I’m proud to have worked the border with both Immigration and Customs. I use the persona La Vista Bill in cowboy action shooting; he is a character based on one of Sitter’s contemporaries Keno Wilson, who rode the border in Arizona and California. Wilson later became the police chief in San Diego, CA. I wear a copy of his Customs badge and carry a copy of his commission when I’m at CAS matches. Thanks for the link to the magazine article on border agencies, that was very informative. Jeff Milton is one of my all-time favorite lawmen. I think he coined the phrase, “Some men just need killin.” Keep up the good work Brother Jim!

  2. Scott Tschirhart says:


    That was a fine adventure. You are certainly a man to ride the river with. God bless.

    Scott Tschirhart

    • Blair Gluba says:


      Thanks for a great bit of law enforcement history. Take care and be safe.
      Blair Gluba

  3. Pingback: Adventures of a Texas Storyteller | Sheriff Jim Wilson

  4. Pingback: Who Killed Joe Sitter? | Sheriff Jim Wilson

  5. Lance Miles says:

    Sheriff, thanks for another great story. I never get tired of reading them. I know a lot of us out here would surely enjoy reading about some of your adventures in book form. Hint.
    Bart Skelton’s first ( hopefully) book was very enjoyable. I’m sure yours would be also.

  6. Jess E Hall says:

    Most excellent story. I have been to Joe Sitters grave and I believe I asked you about his death at the TCHA gathering.

  7. Jess E Hall says:

    I met Scott too. We talked about Joe. We sat at the same table at the banquet. It was a good time.

  8. Hallelujah! I needed this-you’re my savior.

  9. You have the monopoly on useful information-aren’t monopolies illegal? 😉

  10. James A. Harvick says:

    My great uncle, Ad Harvick, was shot through the left thigh on Feb 10, 1913 in the company of Joe Sitter in Pilares canyon. I’ve read several reports and have more or less located where Pilares in located on the Texas side of the river but have not been able to precisely locate the Pilares canyon. Several accounts state that they were ambushed in the canyon about 1 1/2 miles from the Pilares and were able to wave for help from the top of a bluff and were rescued by the store owner in Pilares. Is Pilares canyon upriver from the stores in Pilares? I’ve using Google Earth. Are there any coordinates?

  11. Robert A. Elias Sr. says:

    Great story and information on my Great grandfather,Joe Sitter.
    Thank you.

    • Larry Sittre says:

      My son and I would love to Visit the site of where Joe sitters was ambushed , I have been to the grave in Valentine and what s moving moment

  12. John Apodaca says:

    Greetings. Ranger Joe Sitters is my Great Grandfather. My maternal Grandfather was his son Jacob Sitters. I am planning my own expedition to the site of his final gun fight, looking towards next October. I would like to establish contact with you to aid in my planning of this expedition.

  13. Dave Monroe says:

    Hello. I am Gene Hulen’s great nephew (Gene died with Joe Sitter). My great grandmother was married to Gene’s brother Vic. Gene joined the Rangers because he killed a man in a real-life quick draw gunfight in a saloon near the Hulen ranch in New Mexico (at that time). It was a case of stolen business by the other rancher. The other man drew first. Gene stood trial, and it was ruled self-defense. He felt bad and didn’t want to draw bad things to the family, ergo the Rangers. I am interested in the site of the ambush, which you found. Can you provide map references or GPS coordinates? Really interested in this. Thanks.

  14. Jonathan Martin says:

    I’m glad I found this website. I love the movies, but real history beats the movies every time. I look forward to reading the rest of your work here, Sheriff Wilson.

  15. Jesslyn says:

    Joe sitter is my boyfriends great great grandfather this is so interesting

  16. Joe Sitters says:

    I love reading these stories about my great grandfather. I am very proud to carry his name as well. One day I will also visit this site. Thank you!

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